Environmental epidemiology is a branch of epidemiology concerned with the discovery of the role played by environment towards protections from injuries, illnesses, growth disorders, disabilities, and death. Conclusion Incomplete information on aetiological factors A number of possibilities for prevention have been raised but have yet to lead to a worthwhile population approach Still great potential for preventing increase in developed communities. analysis, presentation, and interpretation differ. The nature of research questions, the relative value of the various methods, and the approach to data analysis, presentation, and interpretation differ. Dr. Carl M. Shy, Epidemiology 160/600 Introduction to Epidemiology for Public Health course lectures, 1994-2001, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Epidemiology Rothman KJ, Greenland S. Modern Epidemiology. Epidemiology has grown rapidly during the past three decades. Introduction to Epidemiology Definitions Health: A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO,1948) Disease: A physiological or psychological dysfunction Illness: A subjective state of not being well Sickness: A state of social dysfunction 3. 2. Diabetes. They are: Cohort studies — A cohort (group) of individuals with exposure to a chemical and a cohort without exposure are followed over time to compare disease occurrence. Epidemiology is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations. But, we allow presentation instant download option for 14 other children who were 1 st degree relatives and had raised ICA were given 150 - 300 mg Nicotinamide and followed for 5 years. Both types of losses are assumed to be influenced by multiple, potentially interacting factors. Analytic epidemiology includes two types of studies: observational studies, such as case-control and cohort studies, and experimental studies which include clinical trials or randomized clinical trials. Diabetic medicine 1999: 16;1-7, Survival (all causes of death): type 1 diabetes Age Probability of survival (%). This rate is lower than that found in Danish children (21.5 cases/100,000/year) Assuming that all type 1 diabetes is incident in children might lead to an underestimation the incidence of type 1 diabetes in the population as a whole. Types of Epidemiological Studies There are two main types of epidemiological studies: experimental studies and observational studies and both of them are divided into several subtypes. 1995; 12: 961-966. Trends in mortality of childhood-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Leicestershire: 1940-1991. - Chapter 1 Introduction Germs and miasmas Risk factor epidemiology Epidemiology in the 21st ... Social science/ epidemiology Clinical Pathology/ biology ... - Day 1 Session 2 How do we measure the health of the public? - TYPES OF STUDIES IN DIABETES EPIDEMIOLOGY TYPES OF STUDIES BASED ON: Purpose Time Cost Feasibility TYPES OF STUDY Observational Descriptive Analytical Cross-sectional ... - Epidemiology of Cancer Department of epidemiology Harbin Medical University. We don’t have access to users’ Facebook password. Leaders of the field joined in. - medicine and pharmacy faculty university of oradea epidemiology by constanta turda, m.d. 2. and educationists. This book demonstrates these differ- Basic epidemiology for disease surveillance. Increases in the overall diabetes prevalence rates largely reflect an increase in risk factors for type 2, notably greater longevity and being overweight or obese. All rights reserved. a type of case-control study; .cross-sectional studies, including prevalence studies; and ecologic studies, in which the units of observation are groups of people. This course should take about 30 minutes to complete. 1989; 6: 346-350. tool that allows you to share your presentations with marketers, presenters, This is a, a guy named Ernst Wynder, whose research I'm going to show you on smoking. - EPIDEMIOLOGY AND NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS CHAPTER 15 What is Epidemiology? Here, we comprehensively review the epidemiology, clinical presentation, medical care, and outcomes of stroke in women. View EPIDEMIOLOGY - Copy.ppt from MANAGEMENT 189 at St. Xavier's College, Maitighar. So, start sharing knowledge and we are here to make that immortal !! Insulin dependent diabetes associated with auto antibodies e.g Islet Cell Antibodies (ICA) Insulin Autoantibodies (IAA) and Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Antibodies (GADA) - 90% of white children with newly diagnosed diabetes have auto antibodies Some apparent type 1 diabetics have no demonstrable auto antibodies - 10% Epidemiological definition is IDDM developing in people before age of 35 years Atkinson MA, Eisenbarth GS. Home / Health & Wellness / Health & Wellness Presentations / Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes PowerPoint Presentation. sending your stats of uploaded presentation. Purpose of review: Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL-NT) is an aggressive extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma most commonly occurring in East Asia and Latin America but with increasing incidence in the United States. Yes, you need to login with your account before uploading presentation. Heinze E. Haastert B. Giani G. Kolb H. The Deutsche Nicotinamide Intervention Study: an attempt to prevent type 1 diabetes. it … Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. View Unit -final 2.ppt from FINE ARTS FA3451 at Dysart High School. Essay # 1. There are two main types of epidemiological studies: observational and experimental. Introduction to NCD Epidemiology . It’s a great marketing Rates in Scotland (20 cases/100,000/year), Wessex (17.1 cases/100,000/year) and East Anglia (17.7 cases/100,000/year), whilst significantly lower rates were found in the Thames region (8-12 cases/100,000/year), Northern Ireland (10.9 cases/100,000/year) and Eire (6.8 cases/100,000/year). Veterinary epidemiology is principally concerned with the study of diseases or conditions in animals that affect certain population or patterns of disease conditions within a population of animals, by which they are affected, the location of affected animals, and the patterns of disease through time can be studied by veterinary epidemiology. The analytic studies compare an exposed group with a control group and usually designed as hypothesis testing by studies. The types are:- 1. 2. Types…2. The conceptual frameworks within which the practice of epidemiology operates take a slightly different perspective from those of the science of epidemiology. Seasonal variation Diet? - Descriptive Epidemiology Principles of Epidemiology Sumattana Glangkarn, Ms.c. Biostatistics course Part 2. Types of studies in epidemiology in Spanish: 33351: Biostatistics course Part 3. Experimental Epidemiological Studies. Mortality in Type 1 diabetes over time McNally P et al. - EPI-546 Block I Lecture 1: Introduction to Epidemiology and Biostatistics What is epidemiology and evidence-based medicine and why do I need to know about it? Kyvik,K. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. Bias is a major consideration in any type of epidemiologic study design. Geographical Variation A variation in incidence of type 1 diabetes in the British Isles has been observed. Data, summary and presentation in Spanish: 33371: Biostatistics course Part 4. Get to know the different types and the epidemiology of intracranial hemorrhage in order to gain the perfect score in your next medical exam. It should first be emphasized that all epidemiological studies are (or should be) based on a particular population (the ‘source population’) followed over a particular period of time (the ‘risk period’). Understanding epidemiology of hypertension will significantly help in decreasing the burden of associated morbidity and mortality. Children with diabetes have been breast fed for a shorter period than controls. Disclaimer. If you do not a Facebook account, then click on "Signup". A role for ecological factors, such as nitrates in drinking water, cannot be excluded. Create your slidesfinder account and upload PowerPoint presentations for free, share on social media On Slidesfinder you get presentations from our huge BMJ 1995;311:913-7, Genetic susceptibility HLA-DR3 and HLA-DR4 are more likely to develop Type 1 diabetes HLA-DR2 seems protective Genetics cannot be specified on classical lines of dominant, recessive or intermediate genes, Risk of Type 1 diabetes in siblings. Users need not worry about security when accessing SlidesFinder BMJ 1998 showed a 4% annual increase in incidence since 1985 and in the under fives this was an 11% increase. Molbak AG. With these evolutions, it is important to understand epidemiology and to analyse the evolution of content of definitions of epidemiology. The Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases, - Title: The Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases Author: Thomas J. Songer Description: Epidemiology 2170, lecture 2 Last modified by: Sa Created Date, A short introduction to epidemiology Chapter 1: Introduction. 3. - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. If you have facebook/gmail account them just These professional PowerPoint presentations are uploaded by professionals from across numerous industry Summary. Gender No sex-specific significant difference is apparent in the prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children, In adults appears more prevalent in men, with a prevalence of 0.42% of men aged 25-29, but 0.19% of women. And they’re ready for you to use in your PowerPoint presentations the moment you need them. presentations on slidesfinder and save your valuable time . Probability: 33381 Data, summary and presentation in Spanish: 33371: Biostatistics course Part 4. Cause and Effect in Epidemiology. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? Epidemiology - Epidemiology - Sources of epidemiological data: Epidemiologists use primary and secondary data sources to calculate rates and conduct studies. Types of EpidemiologyTwo major categories of Epidemiology•Descriptive EpidemiologyDefines frequency and distribution of diseasesand other health related eventsAnswers the four major questions: how many,who, where, and when? Diabet.Med. Types of studies in epidemiology in Spanish: 33351: Biostatistics course Part 3. Describe the epidemiologic concepts of disease transmission . 4. Epidemiology is applied in many areas of public health practice. It's FREE! Your username will Multiple infections in early infancy seem to be protective, Mortality Mortality in UK patients with Type 1 diabetes, SMR by age and sex for people with Type 1 diabetes Laing et al BDA cohort study. Epidemiology. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. What are the Similarities Between Descriptive and Analytic Epidemiology? An introduction to epidemiology delivered by Alison Hill. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DIABETES ITS HISTORY IN THE LAST 50 YEARS – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 25af3b-ZDc1Z Find your best ppt Both study types are based on a hypothesis developed for a particular disease condition. (Epidemiology) [email protected] Prevalence of congenital malformations across ... MEDICINE AND PHARMACY FACULTY UNIVERSITY OF ORADEA EPIDEMIOLOGY By CONSTANTA TURDA, M.D. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and other health states in populations. Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes PowerPoint Presentation PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. They are all artistically enhanced with visually stunning color, shadow and lighting effects. Organize, group, and summarize data using exploratory data analysis techniques . We believe in making your search INFORMATIVE and FUN. They are: Cohort studies — A cohort (group) of individuals with exposure to a chemical and a cohort without exposure are followed over time to compare disease occurrence. Lecture 1: Introduction to Epidemiology Outline Two Broad Types of Epidemiology: I descriptive epidemiology: examining the distribution of disease in a population, and observing the basic features of its distribution I analytic epidemiology: investigating a hypothesis about the cause of disease by studying how exposures relate to disease 7/19 EPIDEMIOLOGYEPIDEMIOLOGY (CONCEPTS)(CONCEPTS) 2. The Great Buddha says, "Share your knowledge.It’s a way to achieve immortality"! Increasing incidence UK 1951-60: 3.8 per 100,000 1961-70: 5.3 per 100,000 1971-80: 10.6 per 100,000 1985-95: 18.6 per 100,000 Gardner et al. Non-whites had marked disadvantage with respect, These differences may represent differences, 1980 and 1990 Census 16 categories 2 write in, 2000 Census 15 categories 3 write-in more, Pacific Islander Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or, http//www.census.gov/dmd/www/pdf/d61a.pdf, Recurrent alterations in the frequency of disease. Screening from health point of view is defined as the method of search for unrecognized diseases by means of The clustering of incident cases of type 1 diabetes has been linked with deprivation and household crowding and suggest environmental, rather than genetic, components. SlidesFinder Further reading. Epidemiology - Epidemiology - Basic concepts and tools: Epidemiology is based on two fundamental assumptions. 4. 1994; 11: 650-655. Types of Bias in Epidemiology Any trend in the collection, analysis, interpretation, publication, or review of data that can lead to conclusions that are systematically different from the truth can be termed as bias. Summary of aetiological findings Type 1 diabetes is increasing Probably caused by a combination of genetic and environmental influences Role of cows milk? Diabetologia 1986; 29: 629-633. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Views : 987 | Downloads : 1. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1998. are 850/1650= 52% vitamin users Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Summary. > Is it safe to access SlidesFinder using Facebook sign-in credentials? The projection for 2020 indicates that COPD will be the third leading cause of death worldwide (from sixth in 1990) and fifth leading cause of years lost through early mortality or handicap (disability-adjusted life years) (12th in 1990). They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Disease - Disease - Epidemiology: The interaction of host and parasite populations constitutes the subject matter of epidemiology (the term being more inclusive than suggested by its relation to the word epidemic). PPT – Descriptive Epidemiology PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 2a217-ZTBlO, The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. EASD Suppl 1999, Viruses Coxsackievirus and cytomegalovirus have both been implicated. Many of them are also animated. Screening in Public Health Practice. INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology is the basic science of preventive and social medicine. is a great resource that gives you access to numerous presentations on varied subjects. Review: Answers 1-2 . Cross-sectional, cohort and case control studies. Nicotinamide? Epidemiology is a branch of public health that studies the causes and effects of diseases. © 2013 SlidesFinder. Waugh NR et al.The Dundee prevalence study of insulin-treated diabetes; intervals between diagnosis and start of insulin therapy. Epidemiologists fulfill a broad spectrum of duties that vary depending on the type of disease and the purpose of the study. If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. We only There are two broad types of epidemiological studies: 1. Types of Studies. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "Descriptive Epidemiology" is the property of its rightful owner. Classical epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in populations. Basic epidemiology starts with a definition of epidemiology, introduces the his-tory of modern epidemiology, and provides examples of the uses and applications of epidemiology. Number of cases per month of Type 1 diabetes (n=226), Ethnicity - incidence per 100,000 in different ethnic groups US Virgin Islands Hispanics 7.2 Whites 28.9 Blacks 5.9 Hokkaido 1.7 Aust Euro 13.2, Genetics If an identical twin has Type 1 diabetes then in 50% of cases the other twin will also develop Type 1 diabetes. The key feature of analytic epidemiology is a comparison group. Name at least four types of NCDs. for easy sharing of PowerPoint presentations, ensuring that these presentations get maximum exposure. presentations for free. - EPI 810: Introduction To Epidemiology Nigel Paneth Lecture 810 1.1 Syllabus: Time, Place, and Person Time: Mondays and Wednesdays 4:10-5:20 p.m. Office hours: BY ... Epidemiology%20in%20Community%20Health%20Care, DESCRIPTIVE%20EPIDEMIOLOGY%20for%20Public%20Health%20Professionals%20Part%204, - DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY for Public Health Professionals Part 4, Epidemiology%20242:%20Cancer%20Epidemiology, - Title: Epidemiology 242: Cancer Epidemiology Author: Zuo-Feng Zhang Last modified by: zzhang Created Date: 9/30/2002 3:11:32 AM Document presentation format, - Basic Epidemiology Payman Salamati ,MD,MPH, Assistant Professor of community Medicine Tehran University of Medical Sciences 1387, TYPES OF STUDIES IN DIABETES EPIDEMIOLOGY. Etiology Incidence Prevalence Epidemiological ... Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics. You can favorite the presentations, download presentations, and even embed them in See more at www.boardsbeyond.com. https://www.slidesfinder.com/signup . 1998; 47(6):980-4) Much larger multi national randomised trial (ENDIT) will report in 2003 (Gale et al), Incidence of Type 1 diabetes in relation to mean yearly consumption of cows milk Diabetes Care Nov 1991 Finland Japan France Sweden UK NZ Netherlands, Cows milk Exclude cows milk from rats diet and the incidence of diabetes falls. Geographical variation is not unique to Britain: in Finland regional differences have been observed, with an inverse correlation between population density and incidence of type 1 diabetes . No geographical pattern is apparent within the variation, and the hypothesis of a North-South difference is not supported. Geographical variation Statistically significant clustering of incidence has been noted in Yorkshire, even at the ward level, as well as in Northern Ireland and Scotland. First, the occurrence of disease is not random (i.e., various factors influence the likelihood of developing disease).