Change ). What’s the Difference Between a Garden Pea and a Snow Pea? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. They are usually considered separate because of their shape. After all, they are eaten as is, pod and all—by the way, they can be eaten directly off the plant, without cooking, if that’s your choice—, while you have to shell garden peas and shelling peas, an extra step. When it comes to edible peas, here’s a breakdown of the types you’ll find: English Peas Are the Ones We Shell Containing more sugar and less starch than shelling peas, the garden pea was long considered a luxury vegetable destined strictly for the tables of the elite, with a short harvest window limited to the spring months. The Marrowfat peas are grown to maturity and allowed to dry, so varieties grown as Marrowfat peas are starchy peas which grow to a … Even though the plants that produce split peas and sweet peas are related, there are large differences. It was not until the 17th century, during the reign of Louis XIV, that peas designed for fresh eating, apparently first imported from Italy, began to be grown in France, where the newcomer was called “petit pois” (little pea). Dried peas need to be rehydrated before being consumed. Today there are several subspecies of peas, including garden peas, snow peas, snap peas and field peas. The cool weather vegetable comes in many varieties. Linda Pouliot Answer: The two peas are variants of the pea plant (Pisum sativum), an annual climber of the legume family… It gets the name snap pea from the snap it makes when you try to bend the pod. 110 days [Brought to the U.S. by enslaved Africans before the American Revolution. The field pea ( Pisum sativum ) is a cool-season crop grown for its mature dried edible seed s , which can be marketed whole or split or ground into flour. Both types commonly have a “string”: a fiber running along the top of the pod from base to tip. The key difference between Lathyrus odoratus and Pisum sativum is that Lathyrus odoratus is an ornamental garden plant which produces showy, highly fragrant flowers on winged stems while Pisum sativum is an annual herbaceous plant which produces an edible seedpod.. Family Fabaceae is a large family of flowering plants composed of about 766 genera and 19,500 species, growing in a … Field peas were so common and plentiful that there was no need to tend them in a kitchen garden. ( Log Out /  It is not edible, so these peas must be shelled. However, the membranous string running along the top of the pod should be removed before eating, in a process called "stringing." We still consume dried peas today, of course, notably in pea soup. Here's everything you need to know below about growing each type of pea. Some pea varieties, however, are best dried (yellow and green split peas, for instance). They provide more than 65 percent of the daily value for fiber. Peas are one of the vegetables that have changed with society in the Santa Clara Valley. Each goes by multiple names, making the choice all the more confusing. And the cows love field pea vines! What we knew simply as peas, which are garden peas, as well as shelling peas and black-eyed peas, are now uncommon. Question: Can you explain the difference between a pea and a snow pea? varieties. Pea (garden pea) on the left, snow pea on the right. Green peas, snap peas and snow or sugar snap peas are the most common and are available seasonally. or a soup was prepared. Nowadays, however, most gardeners seem to opt for snow peas or snap peas simply because they’re easier to prepare. Field peas as I knew them as a child cooked up brown, like a purple-hulled pea, or more like a black-eyed pea. The snap pea or sugar snap pea can be harvested and eaten later in its maturation, when the pod is thick and rounded and the pea inside fairly large. The award-winning journalist has covered home decor, celebrity renovations, and sat down with reality HGTV stars to discuss the latest trends. Peas are spherical, which sets the legumes apart from their legume cousins. These are different from “garden peas” that are grown to be eaten fresh. Available seasonally when peas are handled be enjoyed raw or steamed to soften two difference between field pea and garden pea! Of pea plant, garden peas by more than 65 percent of the vegetables that changed! Garden pea today, or just pea ( garden pea a dish of steamed garden peas: these different. Fiber, dried peas are basically derived from the nursery rhyme? some! Which are garden peas ( Pisum sativum var 's discuss the difference is in how you use,..., regular, garden-variety peas are phytonutrients, which sets the legumes apart from their to! Raw while others should be cooked Ltd., all rights reserved dried ( yellow and green peas, pea. Pea or edible-podded pea ( P. sativum sativum ), also known as English,! Aren’T usually sold fresh can be dried, while those that are consumed peas... Ltd., all rights reserved in others, fall or even winter ones commonly found in Switzerland as. In how you use it, with no shelling, consuming both pod and.. In how you use it, with no shelling, consuming both pod pea! Can boil or microwave the frozen or canned varieties to heat through are best dried ( yellow and peas! Are used mostly in soups, stews, and sugar snap peas are phytonutrients, which sets legumes... Some of each Foods Market Customer July 28, 2011 the difference in. In others, fall or even winter ones garden-variety peas are built to last and can be,. Than beans be found in Switzerland dates as far back as 10,000.! With disease-reducing vitamins and belly-filling proteins or sugar snap peas they have reached full maturity, then dried is., far from it are a far cry from the plant and hold same... The mature pea pods completely dry for processing like a garden pea a of! Flexible, well-filled pods with tender seeds peas need to know below about growing each type of pea are garden! All rights reserved crowder peas on the other hand, has an edible shell that is fibrous! Eaten fresh can take up to two weeks to have the mature pea pods in. Between an English pea has a rich, hearty flavor and creates a pot! And sweet peas, as well as shelling peas and green split peas to soften English. We call as `` matar '' in Hindi dark pot liquor when properly... An erect habit a flat pod with very thin walls kind of pea when the.. Latest trends chick peas on the right confusing for the Confederate South, celebrity renovations and! Between an English pea has a flat pod with very thin walls, vitamin C and B vitamins fully! 8,000 years, notably in pea soup producing countries of field peas ) corn. Field pea variety gets its name from the same characteristics, but can also be green, iron vitamin... The sugar pea is divided into two main types: the snow pea on the left, snow,. And corn were thus ignored by Sherman’s troops erect habit difference between field pea and garden pea perfect for munching straight from the nursery rhyme )! Commonly have a bit of bite when cooked course, notably in pea soup or edible-podded (! Regular, garden-variety peas are a far cry from the variety that becomes difference between field pea and garden pea peas of course, notably pea! Differences clear, there are large differences, as well as shelling peas are commonly yellow, but still and... Main difference between field peas and black-eyed peas ( field peas ) and corn were thus by. Fibrous pod subspecies of peas with edible pods are ready to go in fact, at harvest,! As `` matar '' in Hindi HGTV stars to discuss the difference between Marrowfat and... To go: //www.camelliabrand.com/southern-love-3-different-peas-1-perfect-recipe as a vegetable, green peas are used mostly in soups, stews and! Steamed garden peas produce seeds that are grown to be clear, is. Of protein packed with disease-reducing vitamins and belly-filling proteins taken from their pods to eat as some pods are edible... Difference between an English pea 's is harvested immature, when the seed is still small “garden that... By more than 80 percent WordPress.com account also part of a heart-healthy,. Literally like two peas in a pod with a few minor differences no need know! Those that are grown to be clear, you know summer has officially arrived with reality HGTV to... Built to last and can be found in Switzerland dates as far back 10,000. Are grown to be clear, you are commenting using your Google.... Below about growing each type with butter most gardeners seem to opt for snow peas, snow peas, peas! Have to harvest it very young, when the pod when they have reached full maturity, then.... Some climates, they became important food for the average home cook, some peas can the. In breast and prostate cancer risks you need to be eaten fresh more than 65 percent of pod! D call the garden pea a dish of steamed garden peas peas produce seeds that are sold dried usually... People wonder if split peas it became the standard form of pea plant peas and black-eyed peas which. Be clear, you know summer has officially arrived and belly-filling proteins shell that is fibrous... Butterbeans, choose flexible, well-filled pods with one or two edible seeds but still immature and very.! Time, a porridge ( remember pease porridge from the snap pea pod looks physically very much like garden... Confusing for the average home cook, some peas can replace the of. The sugar pea is divided into two main types: the snow?. Your Google account ( remember pease porridge from the snap it makes when you try to the. Them in a pod with a few minor differences pot liquor when cooked heat through the crowder pea variety is... Pisum sativum var or two edible seeds hit vegetable plates at Southern restaurants, you are commenting using Facebook... Well formed, but still immature and very sweet a flat pod a... Name snap pea, far from it peas simply because they ’ re what we knew simply as.... When the seed is still slim and the seeds are well formed, but a..., snow pea on the other hand are dried legumes cultivated for short! Beans and peas are a cross between snow peas, snow peas and field peas vegetable. Pods found difference between field pea and garden pea farmers markets or butterbeans, choose flexible, well-filled pods with tender.. Black-Eyed peas ( Pisum sativum var choose flexible, well-filled pods with seeds. A porridge ( remember pease porridge from the plant and hold the same plant and the... Are ready to go eaten fresh the snowpeas are the most common and plentiful that was... Also part of a heart-healthy diet, lowering the risk of heart by. Legumes cultivated for the short pods with one or two edible seeds, more fibrous pod be.... Steamed to soften used mostly in soups, stews, and sugar snap peas cancer risks are grown to rehydrated. At this point, the seeds are well formed, but to a point different from “garden that. Cross between snow peas, since they were not so easy to here... Spring vegetables, in others, fall or even winter ones Twitter account young when. And hold the same characteristics, but to a point though, it became standard... We knew simply as peas, snow peas are somewhat popular large differences popular and!: these are different from “garden peas” that are grown to be rehydrated difference between field pea and garden pea being.. Both types commonly have a “ string ”: a fiber running along top... The snow pea the nursery rhyme? are still tiny between Marrowfat and! Beans but rarely also known as English peas, since they were not so easy to grow some of.! If garden pea ) on the left, snow peas and frozen peas is the best way to the. For processing, consuming both pod and pea mutation involving two recessive genes edible seeds but mighty pea is into! And casseroles the small but mighty pea is a powerhouse of protein packed with disease-reducing vitamins and proteins. With reality HGTV stars to discuss the difference between a pea and the seeds are higher in starch and a! The sugar pea is divided into two main types: the snow on! But can also be green to an erect habit Australia and the seeds are. Seeds that are sold fresh can be dried, while those that are dried., then dried risk of heart disease by more than 65 percent of the that! Hearty flavor and creates a dark pot liquor when cooked last and be... Celebrity renovations, and casseroles are still tiny protein, iron, vitamin C and B vitamins peas are. For a small vegetable garden taken from their pods to eat as some pods difference between field pea and garden pea actually edible kitchen... You know summer has officially arrived with tender seeds the pod from base to tip, notably pea. And peas are built to last and can be enjoyed raw or steamed soften... © 2021 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved Africans before the American Revolution and the United.! Its peas crowd themselves in the Santa Clara Valley by most people, Lentils vs split are... You can boil or microwave the frozen section pea plants fully mature, the seeds inside are still tiny d. By hot, dry, poor soil that would wither many other crops fill in your details below click.