The first and the basic difference between the VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH function is of formulae itself. Otherwise, the formula must be entered as a legacy array formula by first selecting the output range, input the formula in the top-left-cell of the output range, then press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER to confirm it. Once you press the Enter Key, the INDEX MATCH Function will perform a Matrix search (Horizontally & Vertically) to bring the Price of Chromebook in Cell B13. This has been a guide to the INDEX Function in Excel. Then, if you copy the formula to another cell, it will cont… Select the cells that contain the list -- cells A2:B4in this example 4. On the other hand, a formula such as 2*INDEX(A1:B2,1,2) translates the return value of INDEX into the number in cell B1. INDEX function can be used in 2 different uses: 1) lookup a value that is at the intersection of a row and column. INDEX function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation Excel How Tos, Shortcuts, Tutorial, Tips and Tricks on Excel Office. The INDEX Function on Excel is categorized under Lookup & Reference Formula. The INDEX function returns a value or the reference to a value from within a table or range. The Index Function returns #VALUE! As you can see from above image, INDEX MATCH Function has scanned 2 data columns to find the Price of Chromebooks. There are two ways to use the INDEX function: If you want to return the value of a specified cell or array of cells, see Array form. If array contains only one row or column, the corresponding row_num or column_num argument is optional. These examples use the INDEX function to find the value in the intersecting cell where a row and a column meet. If you set row_num or column_num to 0 (zero), INDEX returns the reference for the entire column or row, respectively. Case-sensitive Lookup. The INDEX function returns a cell at the intersection of a row and a column in a table or a reference. A reference to one or more cell ranges. If the reference/array is a single row, you can put the col_num in the row_num argument’s position; INDEX can return a … Press the F4 key on the keyboard, to change the reference to an absolute reference: $A$2:$B$4. Here we discuss the INDEX Formula in excel and how to use the INDEX Excel function along with excel example and downloadable excel templates. ( A1:C2, C4:D7). error. The Excel INDEX function returns the value of an element in a range or array at a given position, specified by the row and column number indexes. How to use INDEX function in Excel. Combination of the two functions will give you a dynamic lookup approach: INDEX & MATCH: A Better Way to Look Up Data; If the array argument contains only a single row or column, you can omit the corresponding row_num or column_num argument. INDEX Function syntax and Argument =INDEX (array, row_num, [col_num], [area_num]) array -A range of cells, or an array constant. This nested function is more flexible than VLOOKUP and can yield results faster. The sum of the range starting at B2, and ending at the intersection of the fifth row and the second column of the range A2:A6, which is the sum of B2:B6. Returns the value of an element in a table or an array, selected by the row and column number indexes. INDEX Function in Excel Index function returns the cell value at matching row and column index in array. The INDEX function returns a value or the reference to a value from within a table or range. You can use INDEX to retrieve individual values or entire rows and columns. =INDEX () returns the value of a cell in a table based on the column and row number. I believe it has a reputation for being difficult and confusing because you have to combine it with a MATCH function … Presentation of the function INDEX The INDEX function works with three parameters: References of a range of cell containing the value to return The first area selected or entered is numbered 1, the second is 2, and so on. Let's learn the INDEX function Syntax and illustrate how to use the function in Excel below. If each area in reference contains only one row or column, the row_num or column_num argument, respectively, is optional. In the above example, we have 3 different range of cells; hence the Array for the above would be mentioned as (B3:E7,D10:F12,C15:E18). The INDEX Function Details. However, you can use other formulas inside the INDEX function, or references to other cells in your worksheet, in order to make INDEX more useful and effective in your Excel spreadsheets. row_num, column_num, and area_num must point to a cell within reference; otherwise, INDEX returns a #REF! INDEX & MATCH function in VBA combination is the alternative to the VLOOKUP function in excel. You can use INDEX to retrieve individual values or entire rows and columns. These are described separately below. After reference and area_num have selected a particular range, row_num and column_num select a particular cell: row_num 1 is the first row in the range, column_num 1 is the first column, and so on. Type an equal sign, the INDEX function name, and an opening parenthesis: =INDEX( 3. For example, A range of cells or an array constant. Error if both the value is blank / zero. The Excel INDEX function returns the value at a given position in a range or array. You can use INDEX function in two ways − The function returns the value of an element in a table or an array, selected by the row and column number indexes. Depending on the formula, the return value of INDEX may be used as a reference or as a value. Perhaps the most common use of the INDEX function is to lookup a value in a range (which is the array argument), and return a value from the corresponding row/column intersection. INDEX(reference, row_num, [column_num], [area_num]). error value. area_num    Optional. Selects a range in reference from which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num. Areas mentioned in INDEX Formula excel must be located on one sheet. This article explains how to use the INDEX and MATCH functions together in all versions of Excel, including Excel 2019 and Microsoft 365. The INDEX function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Lookup/Reference Function. In the case of multiple ranges, the individual areas are separated by commas and closed by brackets – Eg. INDEX function will return a cell reference instead of a cell value if it is used in front of a cell reference Eg A1: INDEX(A2:C6, 2, 3). The result of the INDEX function is a reference and is interpreted as such by other formulas. For example, for a single row reference, use INDEX(reference,,column_num). The Function INDEX returns the value / Position of the cell within a given table or a range. CFA Institute Does Not Endorse, Promote, Or Warrant The Accuracy Or Quality Of WallStreetMojo. row_num: It denotes the position of the row in the specified array. Selects the row in array from which to return a value. If you set row_num or column_num to 0 (zero), INDEX returns the array of values for the entire column or row, respectively. If both the row_num and column_num arguments are used, INDEX returns the value in the cell at the intersection of row_num and column_num. 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